Should government spend money on improving roads and highways, or should governments spend more money on improving public transportation (buses, trains, subways)? Why? Use specific reasons and details to develop your essay.


Transportation infrastructure is fundamental for our daily lives; people use subways, buses, or drive a car to commute. Municipalities have responsibility to keep providing well-organized traffic system either by constructing highways or by providing mass transportation. There is an argument that to which, roads or public transportation, governments should spend money on. Considering the global and our country’s demographic structure, it is clear that the government should put money on mass transportation.

Busses, trains, or subways are more eco-friendly and effective traffic system than driving a car. As the global warming accelerates, everyone, including governments should put environment in mind. Mass transit, which can carry many people at a time, is far more effective and easy to control. For instance, if new eco-friendly vehicles were invented, authority can alter traffic systems easily, whereas private cars are difficult to be altered.

Aging society is another reason to support this argument. Japan faces severe demographic problems; aging and low fertility rate. This means, aged people, usually have poor reflexes compared to the young, are increasing. If municipalities do not provide public traffic, they would lose transportation but to drive a car. This will certainly increase traffic accidents. Indeed, the number of traffic accidents involved elderlies is surging year by year.

Some public vehicles need highways to be provided. Yet, if governments provide better mass transport, people would naturally choose them. And this will benefit everyone; environment, elderly people, and traffic congestion. For these reasons, authorities should put priority on improving public vehicles.

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